Leuchtturm note books are fully embracing ‘tools for thought’ as their identity, using the tagline ‘thinking by hand’, denken mit der Hand. Came across it in a shop in Aachen this week.
I’ve now added over 100 annotations using Hypothes.is (h.), almost all within the last month. This includes a few non-public ones. Two weeks ago I wrote down some early impressions, to which I’m now adding some additional observations.
- 100 annotations (in a month) don’t seem like a lot to me, if h. is a regular tool in one’s browsing habit. H. says they have 1 million users, that have made 40 million annotations to over 2 million articles (their API returns 2.187.262 results as I write this). H. has been in existence for a decade. These numbers average out to 20 annotations to 2 articles per user. This to me suggests that the mode is 1 annotation to 1 article by a user and then silence. My 100 annotations spread out over 30 articles, accumulated over a handful of weeks is then already well above average, even though I am a new and beginning user. My introduction to h. was through Chris Aldrich, whose stream of annotations I follow daily with interest. He recently passed 10.000 annotations! That’s 100 times as many as mine, and apparently also an outlier to the h. team itself: they sent him a congratulatory package. H.’s marketing director has 1348 public annotations over almost 6 years, its founder 1200 in a decade. Remi Kalir, co-author of the (readworthy!) Annotation book, has 800 in six years. That does not seem that much from what I would expect to be power users. My blogging friend Heinz has some 750 annotations in three years. Fellow IndieWeb netizen Maya some 1800 in a year and a half. Those last two numbers, even if they differ by a factor 5 or so in average annotations/month, feel like what I’d expect as a regular range for routine users.
- The book Annotation I mentioned makes a lot of social annotation, where distributed conversations result beyond the core interaction of an annotator with an author through an original text. Such social annotation requires sharing. H. provides that sharing functionality and positions itself explicitly as a social tool ("Annotate the web, with anyone, anywhere" "Engage your students with social annotation"). The numbers above show that such social interaction around an annotated text within h. will be very rare in the public facing part of h., in the closed (safer) surroundings of classroom use interaction might be much more prominent. Users like me, or Heinz, Maya and Chris whom I named/linked above, will then be motivated by something else than the social aspects of h. If and when such interaction does happen (as it tends to do if you mutually follow eachothers annotations) it is a pleasant addition, not h.’s central benefit.
- What is odd to me is that when you do indeed engage into social interaction on h., that interaction cannot be found through the web interface of my annotations. Once I comment, it disappears out of sight, unless I remember what I reacted to and go back to that annotation by another user directly, to find my comment underneath. It does show up in the RSS feed of my annotations, and my Hypothes.is-to-Obsidian plugin also captures them through the API. Just not in the web interface.
- Despite the social nature of h., discovery is very difficult. Purposefully ‘finding the others’ is mostly impossible. This is both an effect of the web-interface functionality, as well as I suspect because of the relatively sparse network of users (see observation 1). There’s no direct way of connecting or searching for users. The social object is the annotation, and you need to find others only through annotations you encounter. I’ve searched for tags and terms I am interested in, but those do not surface regular users easily. I’ve collated a list of a dozen currently active or somewhat active annotators, and half a dozen who used to be or are sporadically active. I also added annotations of my own blogposts to my blog, and I actively follow (through an RSS feed) any new annotation of my blogposts. If you use h., I’d be interested to hear about it.
- Annotations are the first step of getting useful insights into my notes. This makes it a prerequisite to be able to capture annotations in my note making tool Obsidian, otherwise Hypothes.is is just another silo you’re wasting time on. Luckily h. isn’t meant as a silo and has an API. Using the API and the Hypothes.is-to-Obsidian plugin all my annotations are available to me locally. However, what I do locally with those notes does not get reflected back to h., meaning that you can’t really work through annotations locally until you’ve annotated an entire article or paper in the browser, otherwise sync issues may occur. I also find that having the individual annotations (including the annotated text, in one file), not the full text (the stuff I didn’t annotate), feels impractical at times as it cuts away a lot of context. It’s easily retrievable by visiting the url now, but maybe not over time (so I save web archive links too as an annotation). I also grab a local markdown copy of full articles if they are of higher interest to me. Using h. in the browser creates another inbox in this regard (having to return to a thing to finish annotation or for context), and I obviously don’t need more inboxes to keep track of.
- In response to not saving entire articles in my notes environment, I have started marking online articles I haven’t annotated yet at least with a note that contains the motivation and first associations I normally save with a full article. This is in the same spot as where I add a web archive link, as page note. I’ve tried that in recent days and that seems to work well. That way I do have a general note in my local system that contains the motivation for looking in more detail at an article.
- The API also supports sending annotations and updates to h. from e.g. my local system. Would this be potentially better for my workflow? Firefox and the h. add-on don’t always work flawlessly, not all docs can be opened, or the form stops working until I restart Firefox. This too points in the direction of annotating locally and sending annotations to h. for sharing through the API. Is there anyone already doing this? Built their own client, or using h. ‘headless’? Is there anyone who runs their own h. instance locally? If I could send things through the API, that might also include the Kindle highlights I pull in to my local system.
- In the same category of integrating h. into my pkm workflows, falls the interaction between h. and Zotero, especially now that Zotero has its own storage of annotations of PDFs in my library. It might be of interest to be able to share those annotations, for a more complete overview of what I’m annotating. Either directly from Zotero, or by way of my notes in Obsidian (Zotero annotatins end up there in the end)
- These first 100 annotations I made in the browser, using an add-on. Annotating in the browser takes some getting used to, as I try to get myself out of my browser more usually. I don’t always fully realise I can return to an article for later annotation. Any time the sense I have to finish annotating an article surfaces, that is friction I can do without. Apart from that, it is a pleasant experience to annotate like this. And that pleasure is key to keep annotating. Being able to better integrate my h. use with Obsidian and Zotero would likely increase the pleasure of doing it.
- Another path of integration to think about is sharing annotated links from h. to my blog or the other way around. I blog links with a general annotation at times (example). These bloggable links I could grab from h. where I bookmark things in similar ways (example), usually to annotate further later on. I notice myself thinking I should do both, but unless I could do that simultaneously I won’t do such a thing twice.
Attempting to understand the ‘Noosphere’ and Subconscious tooling that Gordon Brander is developing results in several questions. Brander proposes a new ‘low level infrastructure’ (subconscious) for sharing stuff across the internet, which should result in us thinking together on a global scale (the noosphere).
I’ve followed the recent Render conference on ‘tools for thought’ where Gordon Brander presented Noosphere and Subconscious. In the wake of it I joined the Discord server around this topic, and read the ‘Noosphere Explainer‘. Brander’s Render talk roughly follows that same document.
Brander says: The internet is already a tool for thought, so we should make it better at it. The tools at our disposal to deal with this new voluminous information environment haven’t reached their potential yet. Learning to think together at planetary scale is a needed ingredient to address global issues. There are many interesting tools out there, but they’re all silos of SaaS. They’re silos because of same origin policy which prevents cross-site/host/domain/port sourcing of material. Subconscious is meant to solve that by providing a ‘protocol for thoughts’.
This leaves me with a range of questions.
- Subconscious is meant to solve same origin policy. SOP however seems to be a client (i.e. browser) enforced thing, focused on (java)scripts, and otherwise e.g. ignores HTML. Apps are/can be viewers like browsers are viewers. So why isn’t the web suitable, with the app or a tweaked browser on top? Why a whole new ‘infrastructure’ over the internet? That sounds like it wants to solve a whole lot more than same origin to remove the bias towards silos. What are those additional things?
- The intended target is to make the internet a better tool for thought. Such thoughts are text based it seems so what does Subsoncsious do in contrast to current text based thoughts shared that e.g. the web doesn’t?
- Assuming Subconscious does what it intends, how do we get from a ‘low level infrastructure’ to the stated overarching aim of thinking together globally? I see texts, that may or not be expressed thoughts, being linked and shared like web resources, how do we get to ‘thinking together’ from there? The talk at Render paid tribute to that at the beginning but doesn’t show how it would be done (and the invocation of the Xanadu project at the start might well be meaningful in that sense), not even in any ‘and then the magic happens to get to the finish line’ fashion. Is the magic supposed to be emergent, like I and others assumed the web and social software would do 20-30 years ago? Is it enough to merely have a ‘protocol for thoughts’? What about non-infrastructure type decision and consensus building tools like Liquid Feedback or Audrey Tang’s quadratic voting in vTaiwan? Those are geared to action, and seem more immediately useful towards solving global issues, don’t they?