This article, found via Alper, about the work on ethics by MIT highlights various worrisome perspectives. Whether it is in avoiding regulation, the lobbying, its leadership, or the focus on a specific take that supports a current bigtech development but ignores the wider context. The latter, when it is about (G’s) self driving cars is a glaring example. Because of it I’ve been sceptical of MIT’s work on ethics for at least five years.

Through a reference by Julian Elvé, I read Doc Searls’ talk that he gave last October and has now published, Saving the Internet – and all the commons it makes possible.

Internet OpenInternet Open, image by Liz Henry, license CC BY ND

First he says of the internet as commons
In economic terms, the Internet is a common pool resource; but non-rivalrous and non-excludable to such an extreme that to call it a pool or a resource is to insult what makes it common: that it is the simplest possible way for anyone and anything in the world to be present with anyone and anything else in the world, at costs that can round to zero.

As a commons, the Internet encircles every person, every institution, every business, every university, every government, every thing you can name. It is no less exhaustible than presence itself. By nature and design, it can’t be tragic, any more than the Universe can be tragic.

He then lists 9 enclosures of that commons currently visible, because enclosure is one of the affordances the internet provides.

See, the Internet is designed to support every possible use, every possible institution, and—alas—every possible restriction, which is why enclosure is possible. People, institutions and possibilities of all kinds can be trapped inside enclosures on the Internet.

  1. service provisioning, for example with asymmetric connection speeds. Asymmetry favours consumption over production. Searls singles out cable companies specifically for wanting this imbalance. I’ve been lucky from early on. Yes until fiber to the home, we had asymmetrical speeds, but I had a fixed IP address from the start and ran a web server under my desk from the mid ’90s until 2007 when I started using a hoster for this blog. I still run little experiments from my own server(s) at home. The web was intentioned to be both read and write even at the level of a page you visited (in short the web as online collaboration tool, in a way like Google documents). For most people the general web is preceived as read-only I assume, even if they participate in silos where they do post stuff themselves.
  2. 5G wireless service, as a way for telco’s to do the same as cable companies did before, in the form of content-defined packages. I am not sure if this could play out this way in the Netherlands or the EU, where net neutrality is better rooted in law, and where, especially after the end of roaming charges in the EU, metered data plans either have become meaningless as unmetered plans are cheap enough, or at least the metered plans themselves are large enough to make e.g. zero-rating a meaningless concept. 5G could however mean households might choose to no longer use a fixed internet subscription for at home, and do away with their own wifi networks, I suspect, and introducing a new dependency where your mobile and at home access are all the same thing and a singular choke point.
  3. government censorship, with China being the most visible one in this space, but many countries do aim to block specific services at least temporarily, and many countries and collections of countries are on the path to realising their own ‘data spaces’. While understandable, as data and networks are strategic resources now, it also carries the risk of fragmentation of the internet (Russia e.g.), motivated ostensibly by safety concerns but with a big dollop of wanting control over citizens.
  4. the advertising-supported commercial Internet. This is the one most felt currently. Adtech that tracks you across your websurfing habits, and not just in the silos you inhabit
  5. protectionism, which Searls ties to EU privacy laws, which I find a very odd remark. While GDPR could be better, it is a quality instrument with a rising floor, that is not designed to protect the EU market, but to encourage global compliance to its standards. A way of shaping instruments the EU uses more often, and has proven to be a succesfull export product. The cookie notices he mentions are a nuisance, but not the result of the GDPR, and in my mind more caused by interpreting the (currently under revision) cookie law in a deliberate cumbersome way. Even then, I don’t see how privacy regulation is protectionism, as it finds its root in human rights, not competition law.
  6. Facebook.org, or digital colonialism. This is the efforts by silos like FB to bring the ‘next billion’ online in a fully walled garden that is free of charge and presented as being the web, or worse the internet itself. I’ve seen this in action in developing countries and it’s unavoidable for most if not all, because it is the only way to access the power of agency that the internet promises, when there’s is no way you can afford connectivity.
  7. forgotten past, caused by the focus on the latest, the newest, while at the same time the old is not only forgotten but also actively lost as it gets taken offline etc. I think this is where strong opportunities are arising for niche search engines and also search engines as a personal tool. You don’t need to build the next Google or be a market player even, to meaningfully erode the position of Google search. For instance it is quite feasible to have my own search engine that only searches all the blogs I subscribe and have subscribed to (I actually should build that). At the same time, there is a slow steady and increasing effort of bringing more of the old, just not the old web, online by the ongoing digitisation of physical archives and collections of artefacts. More of our past, our global cultural heritage, is coming onto the web every day and it is really still only at the start.
  8. algorithmic opacity. This one is very much on the agenda across Europe currently, mainly as part of ethical discussions and right now mostly centered around government transparency. The GDPR contains a clause that automated algorithmic decision making about people is not allowed. At the very least having explainable alogrithms, and transparent usage of them is a likely emerging practice. Asymmetry of decision making also plays a useful role. This one too is closely tied to human rights which will help bring in parties to the discussion that are not of the tech world. At issue with what we currently see of algorithms is that they are used over our heads, and not yet much as personal tool, where it could increase our networked agency.
  9. the one inside our heads, where we accept the internet as it is presented to us by those invested in one or more of the above 8 enclosures. With understanding what the internet is and how it is a commons as a public awareness need.

Go read the entire thing, where Doc Searls describes what the internet is, how it connects to human experience and making the hyper local key again when there is a global commons encompassing everyone, and how it erodes and replaces institutions of the 20th century and earlier. He talks about how the internet “means we are all authors of each other“.

At the end he asks What might be the best way to look at the Internet and its uses most sensibly?, and concludes “I think the answer is governance predicated on the realization that the Internet is perhaps the ultimate commons“, and “There is so much to work on: expansion of agency, sensibility around license and copyright, freedom to benefit individuals and society alike, protections that don’t foreclose opportunity, saving journalism, modernizing the academy, creating and sharing wealth without victims, de-financializing our economies… the list is very long

I’m happy to be working on the first three of those.

Robert Allerton Park in Monticello, Illinois. English Walled Garden.Walled garden, image by Ron Frazier, license CC BY

(via Peter Rukavina and Roland Tanglao)

I really like this metaphor by Robin Sloan. I would never call myself a ‘real’ programmer, or a programmer at all really. Yet, I’ve been programming stuff since I was 12. In BASIC during my school years, in assembly, Pascal, C++ at university, and in Perl, VisualBasic in my early days at work (which included programming the first intranet applications for my then employer), and currently in PHP and Applescript (to get my websites/tools and my laptop to do the things I want). Except for some university assignments all of that programming was and is because I want to, and done in spare time.

I too am the programming equivalent of a home cook (which coincidentally I also am).

Robin Sloan also hits on what irks me about the ‘everyone needs to learn to code’ call to action. “The exhortation “learn to code!” has its foundations in market value. “Learn to code” is suggested as a way up, a way out… offers economic leverage … [it] goes on your resume.”

People don’t only learn to cook so they can become chefs. Some do! But far more people learn to cook so they can eat better, or more affordably, or in a specific way…..

The above is I think an essential observation. Eating better, more affordably or in a specific way, translates to programming with the purpose to hone the laptop as your tool of trade and adapt it to your own personal workflows, making it support and work with your very own quirks. This is precisely what I don’t get from some that I quizz about their tool use, the way they accept the software on their laptop as is, and don’t see it as something you can mould to your own wishes at all.

“And, when you free programming from the requirement to be general and professional and scalable, it becomes a different activity altogether, just as cooking at home is really nothing like cooking in a commercial kitchen.”

Removing the aura of ‘real programming’ from all and any programming except paid for programming, might just break this ‘I’m not a programmer so I better accept the way software works as the vendor delivered it’ effect.

Me and Boris cookingMe and Boris Mann cooking in his kitchen in Vancouver in 2008. Coincidentally we connected through our desire to shape tools to our personal wishes. Programming as a home cook, brought us together to well, home cook. His blog still is a mix of cooking and programming well over a decade on.

Liked An app can be a home-cooked meal (Robin Sloan)

For a long time, I have struggled to articulate what kind of programmer I am. I’ve been writing code for most of my life, never with any real discipline, but/and I can, at this point, make the things happen on computers that I want to make happen. At the same time, I would not last a day as a professional software engineer……
I am the programming equivalent of a home cook.

One element to look for in algorithms I think is if they are symmetric or asymmetric in how its choices are treated. I just helped realise an automated subsidy allocation decision process for a Dutch regional government. Key element is that subsidy requests can be automatically awarded (cutting back the processing time from 13 weeks and payment in 17 weeks, to immediate and payment to under 5 days), but that requests cannot be automatically denied. If the automatic process can’t allocate automatically it goes to a civil servant that reviews the request and allocates or denies the subsidy. (Not coincidentally the GDPR forbids automated decision making about people, especially if that decision is detrimental to the person being decided about)

Replied to Things that have caught my eye: An Algorithm That Grants Freedom, or Takes It Away. (The Obvious?)

Algorithms already deciding all sorts of things to do with people’s lives. Who gets to decide their priorities and how will we feel when we realise that they are already being applied to us?

Two blogging connections of old have recently restarted their blogs. First, all of a sudden a feed that had been long dormant in my reader showed (1), meaning a new unread post was available. It turned out to be the return to blogging of Luis Suarez after a 3 year hiatus, who has been in my feed reader since I began working in knowledge management.

Today I came across a posting by Lee Lefever on LinkedIn where he says

I recently decided to resurrect my personal website, leelefever.com, which had languished for years as a static site. The site started as a blog in 2003 and I blogged there until 2007. The good old days!
This time around, I built the site on WordPress … And of course, the new site has a blog and I am dedicated to being a blogger at leelefever.com once again.

Lee is also a longtime blogging friend, back to the BlogWalk days (2004/2005). I followed his blog, his global travel blog with his wife Sachi, and then their company’s blog. Looking forward to reading new postings from him.

Both run their sites on WordPress. So that’s an opportunity to tell them about IndieWeb for WordPress and hopefully convince them to add functionality to their sites like Webmentions.

The last 2 years have seen a small but noticable movement back to blogging. I picked up my own blogging pace late 2017, first motivated by a desire to escape the bottomless pit of Facebook. It’s good to see the ongoing trickle of the return to blogging. And of new blogging voices emerging.

I find there’s a completely new need to explain things to new groups that we’ve thought explained and broadly known. Things like the value of having your own domain and site, but also things like unconference formats, Creative Commons licenses, and how much you can do yourself outside of the silos. Having more of the earlier voices back in the chorus to help do that, and do it in our current context, is great.

TL;DR De Basisregistratie WOZ waarden is een basisregistratie, en openbaar bovendien. Alle overheden zijn verplicht basisregistraties te gebruiken, maar met een uitvoeringsbesluit wordt de toegang tot de WOZ waarden sterk ingeperkt. Daarmee is het in de praktijk geen basisregistratie, en wordt overheden bij de uitvoering van hun publieke taak toegang geweigerd.

Nederland heeft een Stelsel van Basisregistraties. Dat zijn een tiental verschillende registraties waarvan de gegevens noodzakelijk zijn voor het dagelijkse functioneren van de overheid als geheel. Registraties als het persoonsregister, maar ook het kadaster en bijvoorbeeld de detailkaart van Nederland. Het centrale idee is dat een basisregistratie door alle overheden wordt gebruikt, en dat de inhoud ervan als authentiek gegeven geldt. Dit heeft efficiëntievoordelen, omdat overheden dan geen eigen lijstjes of schaduwadministraties (hoeven te) voeren. En het is fijn voor burgers, die niet bij elk loket al hun gegevens telkens opnieuw hoeven op te geven. Het stelsel van basisregistraties is ook waarom het met open data redelijk goed gesteld is in Nederland, want de basisregistraties waar het niet om persoonsgegevens gaat worden zoveel mogelijk opengesteld voor iedereen (met nog altijd enkele onnodige uitzonderingen).

Om dit Stelsel goed te laten werken zijn er enkele afspraken gemaakt. Waaronder dat alle overheden verplicht zijn om de basisregistraties te gebruiken voor hun publieke taken. Omgekeerd betekent dat alle overheden ook toegang moeten hebben tot alle basisregistraties als dat nodig is voor de uitvoering van hun taken.

Eis 3: De basisregistratie wordt verplicht gebruikt door de hele overheid…Daarop zijn geen uitzonderingen… Dit betekent eveneens dat een afnemer de aangewezen gegevens uit de basisregistratie zonder nader onderzoek kan gebruiken in zijn werkproces.

Maar de basisregistratie WOZ waarden ziet dat kennelijk heel anders.

Basisregistraties zijn bij wet geregeld. Dat is ook zo voor de Basisregistratie WOZ waarden. In Hoofdstuk VI, Artikel 37 a van de Wet Waardering Onroerende Zaken staat:

Er is een basisregistratie WOZ waarin waardegegevens met bijbehorende temporele en meta-kenmerken zijn opgenomen. Het waardegegeven, bedoeld in de vorige volzin, is een authentiek gegeven…De basisregistratie WOZ heeft tot doel de afnemers te voorzien van waardegegevens.

Artikel 37 d stelt vervolgens dat als een afnemer het gegeven gebruikt op basis van een wettelijk taak (d.w.z.voor overheden betreft het een publieke taak), de afnemer het gegeven uit de basisregistratie moet gebruiken (behalve als het gegeven in onderzoek is en het bovendien niet voor belastingheffing is), en je bovendien als de afnemer je toch vraagt om dat gegeven dat volgens 37e mag weigeren. D.w.z. als een overheid jou om je WOZ waarde vraagt je kunt zeggen “kijk maar in de WOZ Basisregistratie”.

Maar daaronder in Artikel 37h staat iets onverwachts

Bij algemene maatregel van bestuur worden bestuursorganen aangewezen die bevoegd zijn tot gebruik van een waardegegeven of de daarbij behorende temporele en meta-kenmerken ten behoeve van de bij die algemene maatregel van bestuur aan te wijzen doeleinden.

Net hadden we het nog over een basisregistratie, en nu ineens over nader vastleggen welke overheden het waardegegeven mogen gebruiken, en voor welke doeleinden! Dan zal in die algemene maatregel van bestuur wel iets breeds staan….

Helaas.

Meteen wordt in de definities (Artikel 1.2.) een afnemer omschreven als bestuursorganen die de waardegegevens gebruiken ten behoeve van de heffing van belastingen door het Rijk, de gemeenten en de waterschappen. Dat is niet de hele overheid, maar slechts een beperkt deel ervan, en wijkt dus af van wat een basisregistratie dient te zijn. Kennelijk om vervolgens te kunnen regelen hoe de kosten van de basisregistratie worden gedragen, want die worden verhaald op de afnemers die het register nodig hebben voor belastingheffing (Rijk, gemeenten en waterschappen).

In Artikel 10 wordt nog een rijtje bestuursorganen genoemd die de gegevens mogen krijgen, maar alleen voor een expliciet daarbij vermelde doelstelling. Dat zijn bijvoorbeeld het CBS, het Openbaar Ministerie, het RvO, de huurcommissie, Staatsbosbeheer, en de notaris. Artikel 11 voegt daar nog een rijtje andere, particuliere, soorten organisaties aan toe, zoals verzekeraars, hypotheekverstrekkers en taxateurs.

Het merendeel van de Nederlandse overheid heeft dus geen toegang tot de Basisregistratie WOZ.

In de praktijk loopt nu al maanden een uitwisseling met een overheid die geautomatiseerd een beperkt aantal WOZ waarden nodig heeft voor de uitvoering van een publieke taak (subsidieverstrekking), omdat de toegang tot de basisregistratie WOZ wordt geweigerd op basis van Artikel 10 en 11 van het genoemde uitvoeringsbesluit. En al zijn die gegevens openbaar.

De Basisregistratie WOZ wil geen basisregistratie zijn, kortom, en het uitvoeringsbesluit bij de Wet die de Basisregistratie WOZ instelt bevat bepalingen die volledig in strijd zijn met de definitie van een basisregistratie.

Paleis Noordeinde is geen woonhuis (meer), en dus is er geen openbare WOZ waarde te vinden in het WOZ Waardenloket